Capt. Charles McAnally held the highest decoration of any soldier in the 69th.Pennsylvania Regiment of the American Civil War 1861-1865.
He had worked his way up through the ranks.
He was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honour for his bravery
in the Civil War.
When I started looking at this soldier's life I did not really anticipate
just what a story would unfold or
how much interest and indeed
how much help I would receive from interested parties
in the States. His life itself would merit a book or indeed a movie. Without doubt Charles
McAnally epitomised just what a soldier should be, a great friend and a terrible enemy. Neither fear or the giving
of quarter were
in his mindset.
I recall as a young man reading the book by A. A. Hoehling called They Sailed into Oblivion. The statement has never left me. It was an account of twenty great shipping mysteries and offering some reasons for why the disasters happened and what happened the crews and passengers. Both crew and passengers sailed away with great expectations of reaching their destinations and ultimately be able to return to their home, homelands or kinfolk. To be re-united again.
When I started to read about the Irish famines, of "An Gorta Mor", of "Black 47" of looking at the history of the 69th. Pa. Vols. was when the expression started to return to my mind. This statement could so easily be applied to the greater percentage of the emigrants who left Ireland in the 18th and 19th centuries for the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand or South Africa. Countless thousands of them Sailed into Oblivion never to return to Ireland or keep contact with their kinfolk. Perhaps no group could this be applied to so fittingly were the men who left Ireland prior, and during the famine periods of the mid 19th century than the men who went and fought the good fight in the American Civil War 1861-1865, the greater percentage of them for the Northern cause in the Union army. We should not forget many also fought for the Confederacy. The greater percentage of them fought with idealism and perhaps thought they were contributing to their new country be it the cause of the North or the South. Not too many of the rank and file soldiers would know the politics and reasons for the war. However a great percentage of the officers and particularly the Irish ones knew exactly what the war was about.
My research on the Catholic farmers of the Sperrin hills of Counties Derry and Tyrone seem to have them falling into two categories, those families who had literally been in the Sperrins for countless generations and never did inhabit the lowlands and whose families were dispossessed during Plantation and Penal times. It is known to me that one family were dispossessed from good lands around Cookstown Co Tyrone circa 1795 had to literally "flee to the mountains". However to the older generations in the Sperrins to this day they are kind of seen as "blow in's"!.
The McAnallys or McNallys would be from the townland of Glenviggan on the Tyrone Derry border about 6 miles to the west of Draperstown. They would appear to have been one of the original families and I have no doubt that they would have been there for perhaps two or three centuries.
Glenviggan is an area of high bog and rock with not a lot of naturally fertile land. The hill farmers of the area would have to rely as they still do on raising sheep as their main income. They had to be self sufficient in all aspects. In McAnally's era the roads would be little more than cart tracks winding their way through the valleys to the local villages. Families would be fairly large and unless the farm was fairly large there would be problems supporting them. A man and wife who had say three or four sons had a problem as the childen reached their early teens.
There would be little work for them apart from
perhaps labouring to local farmers or perhaps repairing roads and such like.
Secondary education was not just an option irrespective of the abilities of
the young man or woman. The
main aim of the better class farmer ie one with more land
(it had all to do with the
number of acres owned and its quality) would endeavour to have a son
or daughter become a priest or an nun.
This was success to them. The parents took on a mantle of greater
"respectability" a word that
is greatly used in rural Ireland but whose meaning I have
never been able to find !. Perhaps
a higher standing in the community and lets be honest families
who had clerics in the loop would find themselves
reasonable well off. They acquired bigger and better houses and life style
etc...such is the will of the Lord!.
The options for young men in "normal " times when the crops especially the staple potato crop
were good were limited.
In a period of poor harvests there would be problems. When
a famine happened the existence for a family their friends and relations
would become dire. There were two options. Stay
at home and face starvation and death or emigrate to wherever they
could afford the fare to.
This is what happened. Thousands emigrated from the Sperrin hills to
the United States and equally to
the great cities of England and Scotland, Liverpool
and Glasgow in particular. However as now with the massively improved
system after about 1950 the young people started receiving excellent education.
Many started to acquire higher level education and farmers in the high Sperrins
now accept that
having doctor, an engineer, a pilot, a professor among his chidren is
kind of normal. Others who go and learn trades such as plumbers.
electricians etc have no problems
getting employment as they now
have their own transport and many think nothing of going to
Belfast or Derry for their days work. However it is prudent not
to be around the still narrow and poorly surfaced roads
early morning or around 6 pm when these young folk go or return from work.
The roads are still narrow and you just might be hit
by the BMW of a local farmer's son!. Another important change and this was a major problem in times gone by is that spouses are no longer to any degree drawn from neighbouring families. Now they can be from tens of miles away. There were in older times just too many marriages between families who were in fact too close by blood line though this may not have been known about at the time.
Let us see if we can picture Charles McAnally's lifespan.
In the Old Cathedral Cemetery in Philadelphia in Section M. Range 10 Grave 56 the following two people are noted. These are the parents Elizabeth and Thomas McAnally of Charles McAnally the M.O.H. soldier whose lifespan we are investigating.
Elizabeth McAnally April 1st. 1863 aged 54 Years.
Thomas McAnally Oct.13th 1891 aged 82 years.
There was an obituary notice in the Philadelphia Public Enquirer 1st April 1863.
McANALLY- On 31st ultimo. ELIZABETH, wife of Thomas McAnally, in the 54th year of her age. The relatives and friends and family are respectfully invited to attend the funeral from the residence of her husband, Seventeenth and Montrose Streets, between Carpenter and Christian, this afternoon, at 1 o'clock. To proceed to Cathedral cemetery. Funeral services at St. Theresa's Church.
The Old Cathedral Cemetery is at 48th and Lancaster St. Philadelphia.
was at Broad and Catherine St. Father Hugh Lane was priest
at that time and may
have conducted the funeral Mass.
Charles, Elizabeth's son was already in the 69th. and in the thick of the fighting. However when his mother died he was given 12 days compassionate leave starting April 12th. 1863 to attend his mothers funeral. However there was a war on and he failed to make it back in time for her funeral but was allowed to stay and sort out her affairs and also comfort his father.
Peter McAnally his younger brother had also decided to join the army and enlisted aged 19 March 6th. 1863 less than two weeks before his mothers death. Like his brother he was also assigned to Co. D. Thus we see Mrs. McAnally having two sons in Co. D. of the 69th. in the thick of the 1863 campaigns. The stress on her must have been great. Did it contribute to her early death ?. We shall never know. We do not know if Peter was given compassionate leave for her funeral as his brother was. No doubt because of his brother being a 2nd. Lieut by Sept. 18th 1862 Peter found himself upgraded to Sgt. by Oct. 31st 1864. The dates in the obituary give very important information. We can work out from the death date of Mrs. McAnally that she would be born 1809 and most certainly local to Glenviggan. Her husband was also born in 1809.
When did the family leave Ireland?. The date of 1853 is believed to be accurate. They would have survived the 1847 famine. Charles we know from later army letters was born in Glenviggen 12th. May 1836. We know that Charles gave his age as 24 in 1861 when he joined the 69th. in Philadelphia. His brother Peter who was to join the 69th. in 1863 gave his age as 20. This would give his birth year as 1843 in Glenviggen and some 7 years younger than Charles. Edward the third known brother was listed in the 1910 census in Philadelphia's 22nd ward as being 76 thus he was born in Glenviggen in 1834 and thus a year younger than Charles. From the dates and from a fairly accurate emigration date of 1853 we now see in the year 1853 Charles was 17, Edward was 16 and Peter was 10.
They would also be many others from the Sperrins Hills and other areas of Co. Derry and particularly from the area between Draperstown and Broughderg who headed for Philadelphia. Most likely on arrival in Philadelphia they would find kith and kin or at least kinship with emigrants already there. The family would start their journey perhaps joining the coach from Draperstown to Derry joining the ship in Derry and then the perilous five or six week crossing of the N. Atlantic. A very dangerous journey. It is also possible that the family may have sailed via Liverpool for the trans- Atlantic voyage.
For a young teenage Charles McAnally in the growing city of Philadelphia prior to the start of the Civil War there would be much excitement. He would meet many new nationalities and make new friends amongst the hundreds of Irish pouring into the city. He would soon find work. His younger brother Peter aged about 10 arriving in Philadelphia would encounter a very different society. To Charles it would be a lot different from the old school at Broughderg crossroads. No longer would he have to bring turf for the fire or his penny per week to help pay the teacher. It is more likely that school was a winter persuit as he may well have to help with farm chores in the summer. His old school would be a mile away from his Glenviggan home and take about 15 minutes to walk to. It is possible the he could have attended the school at Altaeskey but I am of the opinion it was to far to walk and Broughderg was his choice. His new school in Philadelphia would probably be in a street of houses. His new school friends would be of many nationalities. His old school friends back home were mostly Quinns, Bradleys. Conways, Donnelly's, McCullaghs, McNallys, O'Neills. The image to the right is of a neighbour of the McAnallys a Peter Pat Conway from Broughderg an adjacent townland to Glenviggen. Peter Pat was born in 1845 two years prior to the 1847 Great Famine. He would have been aged about 6 or 7 when Charles McAnally set off to America with his family. No doubt they knew each other and most certainly Peter Pat would have played with McAnally's younger brothers. Charles brother Peter in particular was most certainly known to Peter Pat Conway as they were almost the same age. They would most certainly would have been at school together and visited each others houses. The photo to the right was taken of Peter Pat taken in 1938 standing in front of his turf stack at his farm at Broughderg when Peter Pat was aged 93. He lived another 9 years and died in 1947. He is buried at the old chapel at Broughderg about two miles from his home. It is only in very recent years that the Conway family have died out at Broughderg after hundreds of years of being there.
The above image to the left is that of the current chapel at Sixtowns which was opend in 1853. The building work would have started circa 1852 the year that the McAnally's set off for America. No doubt they had heard talk of its being built and indeed no doubt subscribed to its cost. This is where Capt. Charles McAnally's grandparents would be buried towards the end of the 19th century. This was then as it is today the chapel attended by the McAnally/McNally descendant families.
When Charles McAnally reached Philadelphia he would meet for the first time Spanish, Greeks, Germans and numerous other nationalities. He would be meeting his first Afro-Americans. This was a very different but exciting world for a young man. His parents probably would be surprised to find a developing city which had quite a lot or religious tensions between the "native" Protestant Americans descended from previous waves of emigrants. The newly arriving Catholic Irish would not be too popular. They were generally deemed to be poorly educated, carry disease, be ignorant and of course very poor. True indeed but this is not the choice of any human being. Perhaps the reader should become enlightened about these circumstances by looking at the "why" word to gain knowledge of their plight.
The McAnallys would have know of the tensions between Catholic and Protestant in Ireland but living in the high Sperrins they would have been then as now in an almost 100% Catholic society. So not a particular problem to them in the middle 19th century. Philadelphia the new home for the McAnallys would be circa mid 1850's a city of about 460,000 and expanding fast. However public health would be a problem with smallpox, typhoid and scarlet fever common.
Back home at best Charles would have visited the village of Draperstown and just maybe Cookstown about 12 miles away. Travel would be by horse and cart or pony and traps. Draperstown would be about six miles away and the closest village.
From documentation from Capt Charles McAnallys army papers he states that he had prior to the war been a clerk at his brother Edwards's Grocery and Liquor store in Philadelphia. It would be fair to assume that the parents either bought or bought into this line of business in the Philadelphia pre Civil War. As such they would take on a mantle of a higher social standing amongst their local Catholic parishoners. Charles may well have learnt his "trade" as clerk in this business. This was a city where the Irish had to stick together. The young Charles aged about 19 and with money in his pocket may well have come across a slightly older Dennis O'Kane as he later started "learning to drink" in the taverns of Philadelphia.
No doubt he would have known of or probably visited O'Kanes liquor store in Quince St. and partook of some "refreshment" choosing not frequent his own family business!.
We know from the dates available that Charles left Glenviggen aged 17. He would not have had any formal education apart from what he got in the local school.
However by the age of 17 in Ireland he would have had plenty of experience in farming mostly then as indeed now with cattle but mostly with sheep. This ability would stand him in good favour in Texas many years later.
If one looks at the quality of the reports he was able to write whilst in the army he most certainly must have received in the years he lived in Philadelphia prior to joining the army additional education. There was in his formative years in that very rural area of the Sperrin hills a great emphasis on education and this is still the case. In pre Civil War Philadelphia there would be lots of employment for young ladies as milliners and dressmakers. There would be the excitement for the young men in the pre Civil War atmosphere. They could actually become soldiers, have a nice blue uniform, be fed and incredibly well paid at the same time. There would be no need to find the next meal. It would be all done for them. What a great life for a young man. But alas there was a price to pay!.
Like O'Kane McAnally seemed to have become involved in soldiering for many reasons. Like O'Kane he seemed to have found his way into units that would soon evolve into the 69th Penn. Vol. Infantry. By 1861 people with Confederate sympathies in north Delaware not too far from Philadelphia were were making their presence felt by burning the homes of families with Union leanings in the area. These events would cause some panic in Philadelphia. The city and environs started to look to arming themselves. Various units would form up. Young men would no doubt join up to protect their city and families. McAnally did just this and by April 15th. 1861 McAnally was orderly sergeant in Co. D of Captain Harvey's Montgomery Artillery that manned Fort Mifflin. Harvey was an Irish officer also from Co. Derry just like the young McAnally.
McAnally later served in General Smythes Co. of the 24th. Regt. He eventually found his way into the newly evolving 69th Pa. Infantry.
Numerous others from Co. Derry would join this Regt. Many were known to each other. They would be fighting in the main under the command of Irish officers.
Charles McAnally was engaged in many battles and skirmishes. He was not the luckiest soldier around and seems to have collected more than his fair share of wounds. However he was certainly a survivor. He was also an enthusiast as he and Capt. Harvey of Co. D. another Derry man took a train trip from Philadelphia to Danville in August 1861 to recruit soldiers from the scores of young Irishmen working in the steel rolling mills which were numerous in the area. These mills were very busy making rails etc for the numerous railways as the country opened up especially to the west. It is noted that one of the young soldiers he recruited was a John McWilliams another Derry man. More than likely a neighbour or a neighbours son from back home. Some 30 soldiers would be recruited for Co. D. on this train trip. Looking at the names in this unit I am of the opinion that because of the names listed - common in Co. Derry and Tyrone - to this day McAnally's hand is certainly seen in the selection of his fellow Co. Derry and Co. Tyrone countrymen. It is likely that he probably knew some of them personally.
That Charles was lucky is certainly true. Here are some of his adventures.
In 1861 even before the war really got going in Aug. 1861 he was wounded
in an accident in the Armory in Walnut Street Philadelphia. A Martin Healy a soldier in the 69th wanted to take the only light they had in the Armory for whatever use and got into an altercation with another soldier a James McCarty. McAnally tried resolve the situation but as a result Healey produced a six shooter pistol and fired off three rounds one of which hit McAnally in the leg. This would be the first of many wounds in his career. The wound did not prove life
threatening and McAnally survived. The item to the left made the pages of the Philadelphia Public Ledger on 29th Aug. 1861. Healy was bailed for 1000 dollars. Sounds a lot possibly it was $100. No information as to what he received as a punishment is at hand but it is known he was later promoted to Sergt. but also later deserted. Healy was from Co. Laois. McCarty a Sligo man later fought alongside McAnally but was badly wounded in his right hand at the battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse. He survived the war being pensioned out at $2 per month.
McAnally had enlisted into the 69th at Philadelphia on Aug. 19th. 1861 aged 24. He has been in one of the militia units earlier. He was noted as being a clerk by trade. He was assigned to Co.D. of the Regiment. He would do his basic training and be mustered in. Soon he would see action.
Quick promotion would follow and by Sept. 1st. 1861 he was 1st Sergeant. On the 16th Sept of the same year he was promoted to 2nd Lieut and later to 1st Lieut. May 1st 1863. On the 24th. Sept. 1861 whilst on a night patrol at Munson Hill Va. he was hit with a rifle shot below the right knee. In another incident he was hit by "friendly fire" in late Sept. 1862. This necessitated his being hospitalised in Philadelphia. A Pvt. Michael Kelly of Co. D was on the same patrol as McAnally was also wounded.
Although the war was only into its second year back home in Philadelphia McAnally must have been a kind of hero figure to his family, friends and probably the parishoners of the area. He must have been held in high esteem as a kind of local boy made good. He has also been promoted 2nd. Lieut. in the 69th. the previous month. His friends thought fit to present him with a beautiful Staff and Field Presentation ceremonial type M1850 sword.
On its presentation badge area they got inscribed.
This was the first sword he was presented with basically one for respect and acknowledgement of his status by his friends and peers in Philidelphia. The 2nd sword presented to him would be for military service.
After recovering he returns to active service. He would soon be back in the thick of action. He was wounded at the battle of Gettysburg in July 3rd 1863 receiving a sabre wound to the head.
At the battle at Spotsylvania Court House Va. for service there on 12th. May 1864 he received his Medal of Honour Citation that:
In hand to hand encounter with the enemy captured a flag was wounded in the action but continued in action until he received a second wound.
This was wound to the left shoulder
wounds to his head and face.
He was shot below the knee at the battle of Cold Harbour on June 3rd 1864. Surgeons wanted to remove his leg. However he persuaded them not to amputate. I feel from looking at his photo he may well have had a subsequent walking problem which probably got worse as he got older.
McAnally was promoted to Capt. of Co. G of the Regt. Oct. 4th. 1864.
Charles McAnally was not a man to be meddled with. He was obviously held in great esteem by his fellow soldiers. A private soldier took it upon himself to pen the following letter to a newspaper well read and supported by the Irish mostly in the Philadelphia area.
Knowing that you are always willing to give a fair show in your popular and excellent paper to contributions from your various subscribers especially the soldiers—I take the present opportunity to render a few lines from Hatcher’s Run.
In the forenoon of the 25th. inst, there was quite a sensation produced in this Regiment by the presentation of a beautiful sword , sash, and belt to Capt. McAnally commanding, by the men of the Regiment. The sword is a very costly one bears the following characteristic inscription
"Presented to Captain Charles McAnally (Commd’g) as a token of respect for his gallantry in many a hard-fought battle, by the men of the 69th. Pa. Vet. Vols. March 1865”
The presentation was conducted by Captain James W. Garrett and Lieut.
Geo. P. Deichler, Co. I, but before it ended an order was received from
Brigade headquarters to pack up and be ready "to move at a moment’s
notice.” This threw the whole thing into delirium, and, in about half an hour,
after, the camp was clear of all hands, and the Regiment with
those other of our Brigade ordered out to the "Run” where an engagement
was entered on between the enemy and a portion of the
2nd. and 5th. Corps. The main part of the action commenced
about 5 o’clock, P.M. and lasted till 7 PM. during which time a
heavy cannonading was kept up and almost an incessant roar
of musketry. This regiment, under the command of Captain McAnally,
was in a most dangerous position from beginning to end; yet, from the
superior management on the part of our Commander came out with far
lighter casualties than was anticipated. The casualties were
1st. Lieut. George P. Deichler (a brave soldier) Co. I, wounded; his wound is a dangerous one, being in the abdomen, where he received a similar one at the battle of Ream’s Station, August 25, 1864.
Co A. Private Geo. Udall, killed.
Co C. Sergeant Connell McGlinchey wounded in the knee/
Private Daniel Watson, wounded in the thumb.
Sergeant Chas. Rodgers, wounded in the abdomen.
Co G. Private Jas. Friel wounded in the leg.
George Friel, wounded in the hip.
Co K. Privates Patrick Welsh wounded in the ankle, Geo. Boyd, wounded in the leg; Wm. Wallace wounded in the breast; Wm. Winters wounded in the hip and George Elliot wounded in the left cheek.
Capt McAnally is a brave soldier, he has been in every battle and skirmish that this regiment has been in since its first appearance in the field and it is hoped that he will soon be placed in a higher position to that which he now holds, for it would give universal gratification.
I am, very respectfully, Yours etc etc.
Signed: A Private Soldier.
Sgt. Peter McAnally brother to Charles survived the war and mustered
out July 1st. 1865
and would appear to have gone back to Philadelphia.
We know for certain that he had a brother
Edward who did not join the Army but would appear to have
stayed at home
I also think
other family members but I have no detail.
On the 2nd. August 1897 over 30 years later McAnallys exploits
and he was awarded
the Congressional Medal of Honour a no mean achievement. It had been
by the President on 22nd July 1897.
The image on the left are the ruins of the old National School at Broughderg Co. Derry a mile from Glenviggan McAnally's townland. This school was built by money provided by the local families and opened in 1841. This would be the only school within walking distance for a young Charles McAnally who would have been about 6 years of age in 1841 when the school opened. His first teacher would have been a Mrs. Quinn whose husband a local farmer played a major part in the building of the school. This was an era when the local population in this part of the Sperrins had to finance its own educational system it was most certainly not be as good as the system of schools in O'Kanes parish. In the case of schooling in certain parts there was in many cases good cooperation between the local small farmers of either religion and the local landlords who in many cases subsidised buildings and gave small plots of land. This aspect of education was as still is as now a complex subject. Where there was a more mixed population of Catholics and Protestants there the result would be a better education system. If the populace was say near 100% Catholic as in the Sperriins area the populace wanted little to do with the landlords and choose to do their own thing and establish their own schools and churches.
The above is an image of the formal muster out of the 69th. Penn. Regt.
was taken at Munson Hill Va. after the war ended but for logistical reasons
and fear of another Mexican war the unit was kept in service a few extra
months. Most officers can be identified as follows. There are 9 soldiers.
From the left:
1. Unknown private soldier.
2. Unknow officer.
3. Seated Major James O'Reilly born Belturbet Co. Cavan 1835.
4. Lt. Col. John H. Gallagher ( who had command of three companies of the 106th Regt. which were attached to the 69th. after 1864. Note this identification is not 100%.
5. Seated Colonel William Davis born Cork Ireland and a one time officer in the 69th. New York Regt.
6. Adj. Anthony W. McDermott a first generation Irish - American from Philadelphia who later wrote a history of the 69th. Penn. Vol.
7. Probably Capt. John McHugh.
8. Surgeon F. F. Burmeister an American from Philadelphia promoted into the 69th. as full surgeon from the 75th. Pa.
9. Capt. Charles McAnally Congressional Medal of Honour holder. Capt Co.G of the 69th. Born Glenviggan townland, Six Towns Road, Draperstown Co. Derry. Ireland.
There are two flags visible in the photo in front of the tent. The one
on the left is the
Stars and Stripes and the one on the right is a second green Irish flag of 1864
that replaced the original green flag. According to handed down
history this flag
had the State Seal of Pennsylvania on one side and three Irish symbols
on the other, a round tower, an Irish Wolfhound and
a sunburst on the other. Neither flag survives as now.
By 1865 the war was over. After a few extra months in a quasi standby situation in case there were renewed problems with Mexico the old veterans went their own ways. Charles remained in the employment of the Government acting as their agent in the identification of the graves of Union Soldiers buried in the battle fields at Millikens Bend on the east side of the Mississippi east of what is now the city of Baton Rouge Louisiana and having the bodies transported north. He handled the documentation. This work would be basically that of a clerk a term he used in his later paper work about his trade or profession. No doubt that the newly freed slaves provided the physical work of digging, transportation etc. This job would not last indefinatley and as far as is known Charles was employed for about four years at this task between 1865-1869. It is possible that McAnally got the job as a "favour" for his service perhaps in the gift of some of the the senior officers. I suppose to get any sort of employment after leaving the Army was an achievement. There would be thousands of ex soldiers in the job market as we say now. In Louisiana he was working for Capt. James Wall Scully of the QM Corps. of the U.S. Army in Louisiana. Scully was Irish born and who knows maybe it was he who had a hand in getting McAnally the job. Scully had received promotion when he joined the 10th Tennessee Vols. He had started his army career as a Sergt. in the 1st U.S. Artillery. Maybe he already knew McAnally from earlier times. What I think we are seeing is "the old boy league" or "buddy connections" starting to kick in. Ex Union soldiers would also have to "look out for each other " in the Confederate South.
Things took a rather negative turn for McAnally when working at Millikens Bend La. A major hurricane seems to have hit the area he was camped in and he lost all his personal effects when his trunk was blown into the Mississippi along with the wagon teams and horses. Looking at the history of the La. hurricane seasons in that era there would appear to have been a hurricane each Fall. He mentions the year that affected him was 1867. Here is some detail of what it was like.
October 2-6th, 1867: A storm was discovered east of Brownsville on the 2nd. On that day, a regatta was held on Lake Pontchartrain. A "spanking breeze" from the northeast and squalls wreaked havoc on the contest. Rain began during the evening of the 4th in New Orleans. At the Mouth of the Mississippi, the storm was far worse. A "fearful gale" blew in near midnight on the 4th. The pressure fell to 28.80". The river churned into a "seething foam". Telegraph lines were downed. Three houses at Pilottown were leveled. The cyclone moved within 70 miles of the Louisiana shore, before moving east towards Florida. Heavy rains and winds continued until the 6th. Rice crops in Plaquemines parish experienced great damage. The Spanish bark Carmen went ashore while a coal barge was sunk. The Eclipse became lodged in area mud. The hurricane was severe, driving "pyramidal seas" against the Ship Shoal lighthouse, strongly shaking the tower and splashing oil for the light out of the reservoirs. The light was extinguished for six hours, and the lighthouse took on a northeast lean thereafter (Cipra 159). The Shell Keys lighthouse was demolished, and its keeper perished. The screwpiles that connected the Southwest Reef lighthouse to the Gulf bottom were bent and twisted. The loss of his personal effects which obviously contained his army discharge papers was a big problem for him and he would have to address the problem later. In fact quite a while later when he has established himself in Austin Texas. Here he wants to apply for a pension and needs to prove his credentials. However his life takes a few twists and turns before he reaches a more settled life in Austin Tx.
After Louisiana McAnally turns up in 1870 in a remote area of Texas called Blue Junction in Burleson County which is about 30 miles east of Austin Texas.
One can only assume he worked on at Millikens Bend after Oct. 1867 until perhaps the task was finished in mid 1870 near two years later. Just what took him from La. to Texas is intriguing. Why go to a remote area of Texas from Philadelphia when he probably could get employment in Philadelphia? It would be very interesting to know, but he did go.
August 26th. the 1870 Census for Burlescon Co. Texas.
In the census of the Western District of Burleson County Texas at the Blue Branch township (now known as Blue) of the Yegua Creek on the 26th. of August 1870 the following people noted as being at house No.79.
Nathanial Meeks. Farmer. Aged 36. White. Male. He is listed as being from
Martha Meeks. "keeps house". Aged 30. White. Female. From Illinois.
William Meeks. Aged 13. White. Male. Born in Texas. "works on farm".
Chloe Meeks. Aged 4. White. "at home". Born in Texas.
Nathan Meeks. Aged 3 months. White. "at home" Born in Texas.
Alex. Woodcough. Aged 25. Farmhand. White. "works on farm". From Georgia. Cannot read or write.
In an adjacent farm No. 80 we find.
Benjamin A. Veach. Farmer. Aged 34. Born Alabama.
Fannie Veach aged 30 wife of Benjamin said to be "keeping house" originally from Tennessee. Could not read or write.
William Brown. Aged 45. No occupation. Unknown where from and insane.
Viola Owens aged 3. White. said to be "at home". Born Texas.
Martha Meeks. Aged 20. Said to be "at home" and originally from Tennessee. Could not write.
We see Fannie Veach mentioned for the first time as the wife of
Benjamin A. Veach.
Benjamin A. Veach in the census noted as having real estate value $300 and personal property $100.
Benjamin Veach and Fannie Meeks had been married Nov 7th 1860 in Bell Co. Tx. There is no sign of the name McAnally in this 1870 census. However sometime shortly after the census was taken McAnally seems to have arrived in the area. One can only guess as to how he came to be in this remote area of Texas. There had to be some reason. Was he looking for cheap land?. Did he have enough money to buy such land? Even if he did would he, due to the state of his health and war wounds be able to actually farm it?. He was relatively young aged about 34.
It would appear that Benjamin A. Veach died sometime after mid August 1870 a very young man aged about 34 leaving Fannie free to remarry. Though married some 10 years there is no record found of any family born to Benjamin and Fannie. Benjamin had served in the Confederate Army 1862-1865 having enlisted at Waco Texas. He had joined the 30th Texas Cavalry. (1st Texas Partisan Rangers).Having joined in 1862 he served thrughout the war. He was born in 1836 son of Jeph and Susannah Veach.
McAnally wasted no time in persuading Fannie to be his wife and on the 23rd. of August 1871, about a year later Charles McAnally applied for a marriage license to marry Mrs. Fannie Veach (nee Meeks) in Burlescon county. This marriage would probably be at her home which was probably the Veach farm.
25th. Aug 1871.
On Aug 25th 1871 Charles McAnally and Mrs Fannie Veach are married by the Rev. E. E. Blackwell an "Ordained minister of the Gospel" who signed the document and returned it to to the Burleson county record office for confirmation and recording.
The circumstance of this romance and marriage are intrigueing.
Charles put his material welfare before his religion that's for sure something that would not go down well with his Catholic relatives in Philadelphia and certainly not back home in Ireland. But did he tell them?. Perhaps not. This marriage was most certainly a Protestant ceremony and very likely a Baptist one. The image to the left is of the marriage certificate of Charles McAnally and Mrs. Fannie Veach.
She was to die young like her first husband Benjamin Veach aged 41. I feel that she and McAnally did in fact farm from about 1870 until Fannie died post 1880 census a period of about 10 years. No doubt Charles McAnally would have put the farming skills he learned in Co. Derry to good use. The rolling Texas countryside around Burlescon Co. would be similar to that of the Sperrin hills and valleys he would have known in his youth. However a lot warmer! It is of interest to look at the tax Assessment for Charles McAnally now living in Burlescon Co. for the years 1872, 1873 and 1874. In the 1872 assessment it states that he has no land only a horse and a cow. In the 1873 assessment he is listed as having 100 acres 2 horses and 2 cows.In the 1874 assessment he is listed as having as having 100 acres 3 horses and 7 cows. No other assessments for later years available as now. Now did he own the land or was it land that his wife had aquired and passed ownership to him? It would appear that the actual land that Fannie lived on with Ben Veach and later McAnally probably was owned by Meeks extended family members and Fannie and Ben Veach and indeed Fannie and McAnally were really tenant farmers of the Meeks.
One thing that is of interest is that in the land records held in the Registry of Land held in Giddings the county seat of Lee County there are land records which show that on Aug. 20th 1879 Charles McAnally purchased about 100 acres of land for $112.50 cash and a promissory note for another $112.50 at 10% interest. The actual deed was dated 25th. Dec. 1879. What is interesting is that both he and his brother are shown as holders of several parcels of land in the county. Had he a brother in Texas with him or was he buying land in his brother's name or for his family back in Philadelphia?. Who knows. However in 1911 at least one parcel of land was sold off by the sheriff. This would suggest McAnally had simply walked off and left the ownership open. Probably McAnally did not honour the promissory note and also had not paid his taxes. Did the sheriff check in 1911 that McAnally was already dead?. Did he find out from his 2nd wife wife still alive in Austin?. Unlikely I think. So many questions.
Looking at the dates it would appear Fannie had her daughter when she was about 32 years of age.
In the 1880 National Census Charles and Fannie and daughter "O" are listed as being in Lee County Texas. Why a different county?. It is unlikely that he moved home but probably due to the fact that that around 1874 a special county called Lee county was being formed up by taking parts from adjacent counties Burlescon included.
If we look at the Burlescon Census of 12th. June 1880 we find the following entry.
Charles McAnally. White. Male. Farmer. Aged 40. From Ireland. Father
and mother born in Ireland.
Fannie McAnally - his wife - aged 40. White. Born in Tennessee. Her father was born in Mississippi and her mother in Tennessee.
O. McAnally daughter. White. Female. Born Feb. Aged 4 months.
After Fannies death or seperation from or his up and moving on (we do know at this juncture) Charles McAnally would soon move on and away from Burlescon/Lee counties and put his recent past behind him. He had above all else had to survive and get
employment. What could he really do? His life takes more twists and turns. He then moved further west to Austin Texas. His next adventure would commence. What became of his daughter? Was she taken in by Meeks relatives? As now there are no traces of what happened either Fannie or daughter O. Let us see his path to his next marriage this time into German stock in Austin Tx. Another venture would begin.
There would be a path to Henry Hoftheintz's family quite prominent members of the German community in the area.
Between 1850 and 1875 a building later to be named the Hoftheintz-Reissig building was erected. It was built of white Texas ashlar limestone and is of late 19th century commercial architecture. Here Henry Hoftheintz would run his dry goods store. The building was two stories. The shop was on the ground floor and the Hoftheintz residence on the top story. There were also two outbuildings linked to the main building, a carriage house and a Sunday house. These structures were used as warehouse space and quarters for those who came into Austin for Sunday services. The building still stands in a restored condition and operates as an upmarket diner as now called Moonshine, a patio bar and grilI. Is situated at 600 E. 3rd St. It is probably Austins oldest building. The image just below to the left is the building circa 1905/06 and would be much the same as it was in McAnallys era. The rotund lady is thought to be Kate Hofheint Reissig and the gentleman in the hat and dark suit her husband Adolph alias "Dutchy" Ressig. It is known that Hofheintz had set up and developed his own business. However we find early on the business is referred to as the Hofheintz - Ressig building. Who were the Reissigs? Research at this stage shows that a family of Reissigs left Germany (Prussia) circa 1870 and made their way to the Austin area of Texas. They probably came into Texas via Galveston rather than through any of the east coast ports. As to just why the whole family emigrated to America may have to do with the Franco-Prussian war July 1870-May 1871 and the upheavels created by it. There is some handed down family history that the parents of the family below may have been Prussian aristocracy as mention is made that their father was indeed a Prussian baron and involved in military matters.Note the image below left of the Hoftheintz-Reissig building is from around 1900.
This German emigrant family had as known members Augusta Reissig who remained in Germany, Julius/Julian Reissig immigrant batchelor into Texas, little known about him, Juliana Louisa Reissig also known as Julia Reissig born Oct. 2nd 1842 probably in the Chemnitz area of Germany, (she would later become Charles McAnallys 2nd wife), Adolph G "Dutchy" Reissig born Germany March 8th. 1844. Herman A. Reissig (Twin to Robert) born Germany May 11th 1848, Robert Adolph Reissig (Twin to Herman) born Germany May 11th. 1848. Herman and Robert were twins. Adolph G. was known in Austin as "Dutchy" because of his German origins probably from the German "Deutsch" meaning German and Anglified to "Dutchy".
In a Washington Co. Texas marriage certificate of 1836-1909 Vol. 4 page 8 issued Dec. 09.1871 a marriage is noted between a J. Reissig and an F. Preanes. This marriage took place at Salem Lutheran Church Brenham Washington. Co. Tx. Now there seems to be confusion about the name Preanes, Peaver or Peauer and the spelling of. Names from Europe would not be too easy for Texans to get their tongue around so no doubt there were attempts to "write down names as heard" just as in the case of Irish surnames.
On 18th. June 1876 we find Henry Hoftheintz married a Juliana (Julia) Reissig Pauer (or Preanes) in Travis Co. Texas probably the lady mentioned above. She is now Mrs. Julia Reissig Prauer (or Preanes) Hofheintz and been married twice. She is noted as having arrived in America 1871. It is assumed Julia had seperated from her first husband or he had died. HenryHoftheintz had already been married twice and had family. Henry Hoftheintz had been born in Germany Oct. 3rd 1822. He died aged 58 in 1880 so Julia and himself had been married only 4 years. Julia would be 37 when Henry Hoftheintz died. She was still a young woman.
Adolph G. Reissig alias "Dutchy" Reissig Julia's brother had already married Henry Hoftheintz's daughter Catherine. They are listed in the 1880 Travis Co. census as aged 36 and 26 respectively. He and Catherine lived all their lives in Austin. Sadly Dutchy later died young aged 62 Nov. 21st. 1906. Catherine died in Austin Jan. 8th. 1929 having been born Dec. 8th 1854. Both buried in the Oakwood Cemetery Austin.
It was Adolph G. Reissig "Dutchy" the tailor by trade and by marrying a Reissig effectively added his name to the store as Hoftheintz-Reissig.
It is worth noting a few things on "Dutchy". He was a tailor by trade and a very good one. He probably served a 7 years apprenticeship. He was noted for his fine coats and his skills were in much demand in the Austin of the period. It is noted in the 1900 census as having been naturalised by way of his marruage to Kate now an American citizen, that he could not read. This is probably not English but proficient in German. He was also a Freemason being a member of No. 4 Lodge Austin and noted therein as a tailor, grocer merchant and saloon keeper. He would become Charles McAnally's brother in law. This lodge was founded in Austin in 1839. Dutchy had some interesting "customers". One in particular is worth noting. This was Ben Thompson who was the Marshall in Austin. "Old Ben" as he was called was something of an enforcer and it is noted that a descendent stated that he had killed some 32 men in the enforcing of the law. In 1966 an interview with Dutchy's son Herman Henry Reissig in the papers in The Austin History Center states." He made lots of clothes for Old Ben Thompson. Ben was City Marshall here for a long time. Well he used to have my father (Dutchy) make a pocket on the side of his trousers to fit a certain gun he carried at the time. My father could'nt speak very good English. Ben Thompson used to call him Dutchy. He would come in and say. "Now Dutchy you got time to make a pair of pants for me?. And my old man of course he was always ready. He liked him- he liked Ben Thompson". Dutchy was indeed a wise man as well as being a good tailor!. "Old" Ben Thompson certainly introduced a new meaning to "Hot Pants" with his secret gun pouch in his trousers!. Ronald alias "Dutchy" Reissig was to become Charles McAnallys brother in law. No doubt Charles heard many tales about Ben Thompson from Dutchy!. The image to the left above is of Ben Thompson probably in clothes made by Dutchy Reissig.
Post 12th.June 1880.
Charles McAnally heads for Austin Texas no doubt to find employment. Perhaps with very limited means and not really fit for manual labour but capable of shop or desk work. He was from his Civil War records a skilled communicator and report writer and no doubt had a lot of charm and charisma as most Derry men have! Maybe there would be a rich widow awaiting in Austin. His subsequent adventure noted below seems to qualify this supposition.
The Austin he would arrive in post June 1880 would be a very unsettled place. Texas was just starting to settle down after the struggles between the new settlers and the native Indians particularly the Commanche tribes. Also the Civil War was over by 1865 but the relationships between the now Federal troops and the now defeated Confederate ex soldiers and supporters would fester on for quite a while. McAnally would find himself in a city where in 1881 the Governor was one Ben Thompson himself an ex. Confederate English born soldier. The gentleman mentioned above! We do not know if McAnally went immediately from his work in La. to Austin or went home to Philadelphia on a visit and then down to Austin Texas.
March 11th. 1881.
Julia sold her share of the Hofheintz-Reissig business to her late husband Henry Hoftheintz's children. Had she already met McAnally and had they decided that it would be a good idea to buy a boarding house?. A joint venture perhaps?
In the Austin City Directory a Mrs. Julia Hoftheintz is noted as being a resident at the N.E. corner of of Cypress (now 3rd St.) and Red River. This was the home of Adolph (Dutchy) Reissig and also the address of the Hoftheintz Reissig store. What was she doing here?. I feel probably working at the store with Adolph (Dutchy) her brother. I feel also that she appreciated that as she was now widowed she may well have started to plan for her future. Somewhere about this time she met Charles McAnally. He had left Burlescom Co. post 12th June 1880 and it would appear he ended up in Austin Texas and it would also appear gained employment at the Hofheintz Reissig business in Austin. Ever the opportunist he seemed to start his next charm offensive. Julia Reissig Hoftheintz became his attention. She had links to property, he had basically nothing. She would be a good "catch".
Dec. 18th. 1882.
Charles McAnally obviously impressed Julia Reissig Hofheintz and on this day they married in Austin Texas - Travis County -. This would be her third marriage and his 2nd. The marriage certificate is signed by Fritz Tegener. This marriage was a civil marriage not a religious one.
July 19th. 1883
Charles McAnally makes his first pension application for his Civil War services from Texas. His doctor is a Dr. Frank McLaughlin no doubt either Irish or Irish American. McLaughlin describes the nature of Charles wounds on the application. He also states that McAnally had been living in Texas for 14 years.
As to the exact circumstances leading to McAnally and Julia ending up marrying is difficult to imagine. McAnally arriving in Austin as an ex Civil War soldier carrying severe wounds, having already been married and widowed would hardly be the stuff that romance is made of. Several circumstances could be envisaged. Perhaps he found work in the Hoftheintz-Reissig store while Julia was still there and they became lovers? Did she fall for his no doubt talents to tell stories and was he also dining out on his list of stories of deeds of gallantry for the Union in the Civil War?. Was it a marriage of convenience perhaps? One can only guess. Julia and McAnally's marriage certification is validated by Fritz Tegener. Now just who was Fritz Tegener? He was the man noted in Texas history as being part of the pro-Union force that was formed up in the Comfort township of Texas - west of San Antonio to oppose the Confederates. He was part of the "Treue der Union" "True to the Union" group that was heavily defeated in a surprise attack at Neuces. The image to the left is a memorial to the group and is situated in Comfort Texas N.W. of Austin. Many of this small band were killed, or murdered by the Confederate forces. Some escaped including it would appear Fritz Tegener. He Tegener was at a time referred to as "Major Tegener". I kind of think that McAnally and Tegener were very radical Unionists and consequently soul mates with common ground.
Could Tegener perform wedding ceremonies?. I feel that if it is the same man he could basically choose to do so in the Texas of the time. However as now it is not known for certain if Tegeners link to McAnallys marriage was to do with his Civil Administrative duties or if he actually performed the service. Nevertheless it was a Civil ceremony. More problems for McAnally with the folks back home in Philadelphia and in Ireland!. A copy of the marriage certificate is shown to the left.
Census records show that there were no children from this marriage.
Fritz Tegener would appear to have a character somewhat like that of McAnally. Stories did the rounds in Texas that he had married a Susan Eveline Benson in Kerr Co. Texas on 21st. Dec. 1858 prior to the Civil War. They were known to have two daughters Mary Augusta Texanna Tegener born 24th Aug. 1859 and Emilia Mexico Tegener born March 23rd 1862.
Fritz then turns up afterwards taking place in the battle of Nueces which took place Aug. 10th 1862. This was a bloody confrontation between a bands of Confederates and the pro-Union group "Treue der Union" made up of quite a few Germans. Fritz survived the engagement. However Fritz Tegener did not seem to hurry home to his wife and family back in Texas and his wife Susan assumed that he must have been killed at Nueces and she then married Frederick "Fritz" Schladoer. Tegener then returned to find his wife had remarried. However things seem to have been resolved and Tegener married Augusta Struck on Oct. 16th 1866 in Travis Co. They went on to have a family who are listed at bottom of page. The image to the left is of Fritz Tegener the man who signed McAnally's 2nd marriage certificate.
In the Texas State Archives in the Austin City Directory Listings in these years Charles McAnally is listed as a stonemason residing at 609E 11th St. Also listed at the same address is Robert Reissig a labourer aged 40. Robert was his wife's brother. It is said that Robert worked as a stonemason during the week and went back to his farm at the weekends. Another slant on the relationship between Robert Reissig and McAnally would be did McAnally set up a stonemasons business and consider Robert to be his labourer albeit Robert was the actual stonemason. McAnally would not be capable of the physical work associated with being a stonemason nor would he have the required skill only attained after a long apprenticeship. I think there is a mistake in the records and the this Robert named as a labourer. I think if this Robert is his wifes brother "Dutchy" as a skilled tailor he wound hardly have been working as a labourer!.
It is thought that Robert lived with Julia for about a year. I am sure there would be some interesting exchanges between Charles and Robert and Julia three very different people!.
During the period whilst living at the above address McAnally starts to sort out the problem of his missing Civil War papers. He files "An Application for Certificate of Honorable Service" and forwards to the Adjutant Gen's Office in Wash. D.C. This document is perhaps one of the most interesting in his files. In it he gives a resume of his service, the battles, skirmishes etc he had fought in and also mentions his being wounded. However he also gives details of his time at Millikens Bend La. Firstly he states that his discharge papers destroyed at Millikens Bend hence his application for replacements. Here is a transcript of this part of his application.
While I was in the employ of Capt J.W. Scully U.S.Q.M. disinterring the remains of Union soldiers at Millikens Bend La. a hurricane struck our camp and carried all our tents teams and wagons over the banks of the Miss river. My trunk was broke and the contents carried into the river. McAnally also states that the hurricane where he lost all his discharge papers was in the year 1867. However in a follow up letter from Austin Texas dated Dec.11th 1888 he states that the year was 1868.
He requests that a reply should be sent to 609 E. 11th St. Austin Tx. Travis Co. He goes on to state that he was born in Glenviggen in the Co. of Londonderry Ireland that he was 52 years of age, five feet five inches high, fair complexion, blue eyes, grey hair and his occupation before enlistment was a clerk in the grocery and liquor business in company with his brother Edward. If he had replacement discharge papers this would clear the way for his pension application. However he also had written to the Adjutant General's office in Wash. D.C. on Dec. 11th 1888 giving a shorter resume of his war service and the events at Millikens Bend stating that he wishes to join the local post of the GAR in Austin.
Feb. 27th. 1889.
Charles McAnally is noted as living in East 11th St. Austin Texas and a stonemason.
August 9th 1889.
Charles McAnally files for a pension from Texas. Application No.496767 certificate 867013.
In a Special Schedule Census for Surviving Sailors and Marines and Widows held in Texas on this year SD6 ED145 Tx. McAnallys service is noted in some detail. He states that his addresses are 101 Pecan St, 702 East Ave. and 609E 11th St. Austin Tx. He states that he had lost his right eye, cut on head, shot left shoulder also through right leg knee and head. These seems to be more serious injuries than noted by surgeon in Wash. D.C. on his final medical in 1905.
Charles still listed in the census but now working in the grocery trade and still linked to the same address. A change of business or work perhaps. It is of interest to note that his place of residence was 609E 11th. St. and his work was at 613E 11th. St. There was only a house or building between his home and his work. This would suit him as his mobility would be poor due to his old war wounds. Charles mother was long dead in 1891 but his father Thomas died Oct 10th 1891 in Philadelphia at 1121 Christian St. He was buried in the old Cathedral Cemetery Oct 13th 1891. Did he go to Philadelphia for his fathers funeral?. We shall never know but we know that McAnally was in Philadelphia by 1894.
Charles McAnally was in Philadelphia by Jan. 1894 and gave his brother Peter's Germanstown address (the family home may well have been sold after his fathers death) above in another pension application. This is his second application he included three affidavits from people who know him. He would need to contact (I feel in person) people who were in the Philadelphia area which supports his actual being in Philadelphia. He turns to some of his old soldier buddies.
Colonel William Davis
Michael Kelly formerly an enlisted man in Co. D.
Timothy O'Connor again a former enlisted man with Co. D.
It is interesting to note that in one of his later pension applications he states that he had to ride his horse this past few months as he could'nt walk very well.
On July 24th 1894 he was living at 305 Missouri. Ave Washington D.C.(See image left). This image may well be a more modern house at this address and in McAnally's time could have been of a friend of his or more likely it was a lodging house. It would only be a short time stay to enable him progress his application for his pension and or his Medal of Honour which was later granted to him by the President McKinley on 22nd. July 1897. It was signed by Sec.of War Russell P. Alger
June 30th. 1895.
It would appear that McAnally at some date after his stay at 395 Missouri Ave negotiating his pension gained admission to the Erie Pa. Home for Disabled Volunteers as in the Report of Managers of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers at Erie Pa for the fiscal year ending June 30th 1895 noted they had Charles McAnally Co. D. 69th Pa Inf. He was a Sergt in rank and had served 47 months. He was born in Ireland and was aged 59. His disabilities were a gunshot to his right knee and rheumatism. His place of admittance was Philadelphia, his occupation was a clerk and he was a widower. He was now in the "system".
The first mention of McAnally's links to the Hampton Va. D.V.S. appears in a report dated as above of the Managers of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers it states that Charles McAnally Co. D. 69th. Pa. Inf. rank noted as Sergeant who had served 47 months, had been born in Ireland was aged 59, had a G.S.W. to right knee and rheumatism, was a clerk by trade and also a widower. Further down the listing it gives his correct rank as Captain.
I feel that this is a very important piece of information. It might be fair to conclude that after he reached Philadelphia by Jan 1894 he was in such a state that he was not able to withstand the journey back to Texas or more likely did not want to return there though his 2nd wife was still living there. Perhaps another chapter to close in his colourfull life.
Just how long exactly he stayed in Philadelphia and Wash. D.C. and why and when he left the Erie facility to go to the Hampton Va. facility we do not know exactly. What we do know he stay in the Erie D.V.S. was short.
March 5th. 1896.
It is noted in the records of the National Home for D.V.S. (Disabled Volunteer Soldiers) that McAnally was admitted to the home on this date. He was 60 years of age. I think this is simply noting that he had returned from his visit to Philadelphia. There are some interesting notes on the D.V.S. records. Its states that McAnally was in height 5ft 7 and half inches tall, had a light complexion, blue eyes, grey hair, could read and write, was of the Catholic faith and most interestingly stated that he had been a farmer, residency prior to discharge Philadelphia, that he was a widower. he states that his brother Peter McAnally (who had also served in the 69th) lived at 400, N.Chilton Ave, Germanstown Philadelphia.
May 22nd. 1897.
Charles McAnally is noted as still being in an National Home for the D.V.S. (Disabled Volunteer Soldiers). This home was at Hampton Va. (Elizabeth City) right down at the S.E. end of the state near Newport News.
July 22nd. 1897.
Charles McAnally received his Medal of Honour from the President McKinley and signed by Sec. of War Russell P Alger. As seen from the copy of the letter below it is addressed to him at the Soldiers Home in Va.
Julia Louise Reissig McAnally is listed as living at 609 E. 11th St in the census of 1893-1894, 1895-1896, 1897-1898, 1898-1899 and 1900-1901.
Information gained from various sources very recently on McAnallys life after 1900 has lead to some more accurate conclusions on the mystery of what happened to him after his days in the Hampton DVS in Va. Numerous theories existed as to exactly what happened to him, where he was buried, was it in Texas, was it back in Phialdelphia, was it at Hampton etc?. Few with any proof of note. Here is what seems to be a more accurate scenario.
It would appear that by 1900 McAnally who had been in the DVS home there approx. 9 years was in generally failing health and restless. He also seemed to want an increase to his pension which was in 1900 $10 dollars per month more or less the going rate for a man of Capt's rank as far as I see. Why an increase?. I just don't know. I could surmise for extra whiskey to ease his aches and pains or a mixture of pain easing and a better social existence or had he a drinking problem or had his relationship with the management of the Home deteoriated and he had been threatened with expulsion? Was it to ease his memories of war?. We shall never really know. Let us look at what happened to him from 1900 onwards. We will also note the circumstances of his 2nd wife Julia still living in Austin Tx as well.
January 15th 1900.
McAnally decides he wants and increase to his pension and appoints a John D. Kinney of Wash. D.C. as his attorney. He has a Declaration for Increase for Invalid Pension drawn up by Kinney. This application is drawn up from the DVS home Elizabeth City Va. on the 15th of January 1900.It states the usual date and place of his enlistment. It goes on to list his war wounds as wounds to right knee and right thigh and leg below knee and left shoulder and side of head. rheumactism, heart disease, impaired vision and general debility. His declaration is signed by McAnally and countersigned by a J.H. Martin and M.H. Hass as attesting to the truth of the application. It is noted that there is a U.S. Pension Office stamp at the bottom corner of the application dated Jan. 18th. 1901. I assume this is the date they received it or started to process. About 6 months in the pipeline!. It is noted that his pension number was 867013.
June 4th. 1900.
Julia McAnally (Charles McAnallys 2nd wife) noted as living at 609 E 11th St. Austin Texas. She is noted as Head of Household, as a white female, born Oct. 1842 aged 57, a widow, no children, born in Germany, parents born Germany immigrated 1871 was 29 years in the U.S. She was a landlady and could write and speak English. She owned her home free of mortgage.
Interesting she gave her status as widow as we know Charles was still alive on the 8th. June a few days later. (see below). She also states she was the head of the household basically dismissing the existence of a husband.
June 8th. 1900.
A census carried out in the Elizabeth City (Hampton) Southern Branch of National Homes for Disabled Volunteeer Soldiers shows the following.
Charles McAnally. An inmate. White. Male. Widower. Born 1834 in Ireland. Age 64. In America 48 years. Clerk by profession. Could read, write and speak English. Was an naturalised American citizen.( Note: He was actually bron in 1836)
We have a scenario written within days of each other that Julia Reissig McAnally his wife saying that she was a widow in Austin Texas, a landlady and owned her own home while some days later he is noted as being in a DVS home in Elizabeth City Va. and a widower. He is noted as being a clerk. Interesting as might suggest he was acting as a clerk in the home or that his last job in the grocery trade in Austin was a clerk which is possibly due to his wounds was the only job he could do.
Interesting to see that in this year they both indicate their spouses are dead.
July 17th 1901
A surgeons certificate dated as above shows a very intensive medical examination of McAnally was carried out. This seems to have taken place at the DVS home at Hampton Va. and is probably in response to his increase pension claim dated Jan 15th 1900. Its starts off by listing the problems put forward by McAnally to support his claim which we have listed above. The next section is given over to examination by a surgeon which comments on each aspect of his claim item by item. The surgeons examination of each of McAnallys complaints in many cases seems to downplay their severity. It would appear the three signatures at the bottom of the surgeons report were by President, Secretary and Treasurer of the DVS home at Hampton. I do not know if this was an independent surgeon or one in their employment to do these assessments. This medical assessment indicates that his $10 pension is still warranted. In this report McAnally states that he was a farmer by trade or profession obviously after the war.
There would appear to have no further pension claims initiated by McAnally between July 17th 1901 until early 1905. He obviously stayed on his $10 dollar a month pension.
March 13th 1905
On the records of the DVS at Hampton Roads March 13th 1905 there is an entry in the "Cause of Discharge from Home" column. "Dropped (demanding discharge while under sentence)". Just what does this statement mean? Was he looking for discharge from the DVS or was the term under discharge mean he was subject to internal discipline?. See notes and comments further down.
McAnally would appear to have left Hampton around or on this date and found his way to Wash. D.C. in a desperate bid to regain his old or an increased pension. He would appear to have taken up residence at 337 Penn. Ave N.W. Wash. D.C. Here he would appear to have made contact with the pension office again and subjected himself for examination. He was really now at their mercy and by May 23rd (see below) they subjected him to an examination.
In Wash D.C. in a "Declaration for Increase of Pension" dated March 11th 1905 he states he is suffering from rheumatism, heart disease, afflication of sight, paralysis, gunshot wounds to his right knee, thigh and shoulder and sabre wound to the head. He was able to sign the document himself. He states that he is living at 337 Pennsylvania Ave. N.W. Washington D.C.
May 23rd 1905.
In this further application for an increase of his pension his "Surgeon's Certificate" dated 23rd May 1905 this surgeon notes all the above problems that McAnally put forward in addition on a sub section he lists in addition that both his legs were swollen and he had rheumatism all over his body. The surgeons examination which took place in Wash. D.C. is much more detailed that the one carried out at Hampton July 17th 1901. McAnally states on this claim that he had been a stonecutter by trade. Why the change from farmer in the 1901 claim? Was he trying to lay down a false trail in case they went looking for his estranged wife in Austin Tx?. Who knows? He is also noted as living at 337 Penn Av. N.W. Washington D.C. and gives as his postal address.Note: From what can be found on this address it would appear that certainly there was a carpenters repair facility on the site. Now was it a lodging house or a mission on the top floors it is impossible to say. I think personally it was a fairly cheap lodging house. Remember McAnally was now of limited means. We know that there was a Homeward Bound Mission at No. 119 Penn Ave. N.W. run by an Englishman called Haslam just along the street closer to the Capitol and I think this is the Homeward Bound Mission McAnally went to afterwards when he realised that he could not sustain his lodging payments and had probably lost his place at the DVS home in Hampton. We know it was from here that he was taken to the Asylum Hosital in S.E Philadelphia where he died. See sequence of events below.
June 4th 1905.
In another form relative to McAnally's pension application a form from the The United States Pension Agency states that he received has last pension cheque on this date.This form was created Jan 19th 1909 under rule Section 4719.See date below. He is now in Wash. D.C. with his income terminated. He is awaiting the outcome of his renewed application of May 23rd. The now National Building Museum was the Pension Offices in 1905. Note: This imposing building is at 401F St. N.W. The pension office would be reasonably close to where McAnally was lodging at this time.
July 25th 1905
On an Increase Invalid Pension file created by McAnallys recognised attorney John D. Kinney P.O.Box 124 Washington it notes that Charles McAnally is living at 337 Penn Ave. N.W. Washington D.C. It mistakenly states that he was 1st Sergt. and Capt. of Co. D. and Co. G of the 69th Regt. New York Vols. It should of course have been the 69th Pa.Regt.
Not the first time this mistake would be made. This new file relates to McAnally's application dated 23rd May 1905. A submission for approval for this file is submitted by John D. Kinney to the Administration July 25th 1905 to B.F Hawkes Examiner
Looking at the file it seems to quantify his injuries into the ones he carried initially and to which they entitled him to a $10 dollar pension. For the additional claims he made in recent times for his worsening aches and pains, sight failure, swollen legs they refused and the words "no increase" are noted on this file. In their view these it would appear that these "new" health failings were simply due old age. Nothing to do with his life in the army?. One could comment!. Still no doubt in Washington and with very little means and his new increase application in the "system" what could he do?. He would have been aware that his pension had been terminated on June 4th 1905. Also he had probably lost his place at the Hampton DVS Home. What could he do? Could he re-apply for membership at Hampton? Hardly I think. This was a place that was already massively overcrowded as it was. In a post card of a view of the Grand Mess Hall of the home from one of its inmates post Civil war on it he writes I saw 2,000 at these tables today. Yours Truly W.H.L From Norfolk. On the card it states the Mess Hall had facilities for 1250. Needless to say the "loss" of an inmate did not really cause them much concern. Note: See image left. McAnally did have family alive back in Philadelphia but it seems likely that he was estranged from them or they had lost touch. Similarly he had his wife or ex-wife down in Texas but also estranged from him. Even if he was to pick up his $10 pension when it was restored could he exist on it?. Could he now afford to rent accomodation or pay for long term stay at the home he was operating from? I personally think not. By this date in my opinion Charles McAnally was an old broken man physically with major heart problems, emotionally and physically drained. McAnally appears to have stayed at 337 Penn. Ave. then transferred to the Homeward Bound Mission. Probably he realised that he could no longer afford the lodgings and the Mission was more affordable and compassionate and hopefully long term and as he probably had nowhere else to go he had to chose it. The Homeward Bound Mission was the only one in Washington as can be read off the the news item from the Washington Times March 12th 1905. See left. The Mission was at No. 119 Penn. Ave N.W. not too far from where he was staying at No. 337 Penn. Ave N.W. Here is a transcript of the image to the left. HOMEWARD BOUND MISSION HOLDS FAREWELL MEETING. Commander James Haslam has appointed Colonel and Mrs. Johnson to assume the care of the Industrial Home in the city of Baltimore. They will give their farewell at the national headquarters, 119 Pennsylvania Avenue North West, Sunday evening at 8 o'clock.This organization has now two industrial homes one in Baltimore and one in this city which enable men to help themselves and not become subjects of charity. Commander James Haslam, who is the organizer of those homes, is at present sick.
July 31st 1905
On this date taken off his death certificate it states that Charles McAnally became an inmate of the notorious Wash. D.C. Asylum hospital on this date. He is noted as being Charles McNally aged 70, white, widowed, a labourer by trade parents and himself born in Ireland. He had been living at the Homeward Bound Mission. He obviously took seriously ill on or very shortly before this date in the home.
August 4th 1905
On this date McAnally's $10 dollar pension was restored and signed off by the Medical Examiner, the Medical Reviewer and the Medical Referee but the increase he had applied for was not granted. The file was obviously passed on to be finally signed off. What we see that there is a REJECTED stamp on the top section of this Increase Invalid Pension form and it is dated August 8th 1905 and initialled ie the increase had been rejected but the $10 obviously remained. Sadly by this date he was a seriously ill man in hospital in fact on his deathbed.
August 8th 1905
Charles McAnally died in the Washington Asylum Hospital in S.E. Wash. D.C. His death certificate Record 162548 and Burial Permit 162767. Apart from dates it has some details of interest to researchers of this regiment. It states that he primarily died of heart failure. He had been in this hospital 9 days. It names him as McNally though he used the spelling McAnally throughout his life. McNally and McAnally are in common use in the area of Ireland he came from. It's one of those names in the part of Ireland that is sometimes McNally or McAnally.
August 10th 1905
Charles McAnally buried in a Wash. D.C. Asylum hospital Potters field as Charles McNally an Irish labourer. Just why had there been no note of his service in the Union Army and his M.O.H. been noted?. Hardly likely he would have aired his ex Civil War ranking to book into a modest mission home. The Civil War had been over some 40 years and no doubt a distant memory in most peoples memory. I feel unfortunately that the answer that had baffled researchers for over 100 years is that when he went to stay in the Homeward Bound Mission he simply booked himself in Charles McNally a labourer and born in Ireland. If he had been born in Ireland logically his parents were Irish. Why a labourer? Well we see that there must have been a reason. He had already named himself as a farmer and also a stonecutter in his two "increase pension" claims. Did he book into the Home in Wash. D.C. as a labourer? Probably.
It would be probably that when he took ill at the Homeward Bound Mission and they had to find a hospital for him the most obvious was the Wash. Gen. Asylum Hospital and they simply passed on his details as they had them.This would have terrible consequences for him. When one looks at the obituary below which appeared in the Evening Start published in Wash D.C. the 11th of Aug 1905 the first thing that comes to mind is despite all the documentation and records on his death and burial just who took it upon themselves to record his death in this newspaper the day after his death and burial in a Potters Field. Was it reported by the hospital or perhaps the Undertaker or were all deaths made known to the newspaper. We shall never know. It a minimalistic entry perhaps the type asociated with Potters Field burials but in any case in the circumstances in which he died and the times he lived in he would appear to have no one in contact with him. One wonders when if ever his folks back in Philadelphia ever knew what happened him or did they care?. We shall never know.
Perhaps the saddest entry of all on his death certificate is that he was buried August 10th. 1905 in a potters field which was in and around or close to the hospital grounds. The Undertaker was one George Rathendale who was, from limited research the undertaker charged with taking his remains to the potters field.
If one reads the history of the Wash. D.C. Asylum hospital it's history is horrific. It was initially built as a plague hospital as far away from the city centre as possible.
It's history is littered with gruesome statistics, of having potters fields all around it. It would always seem to have been controversial in this aspect. Little respect would have been given to the poor dead who passed through it's doors. It seemed to have had an ethos of supplying dead bodies for "medical" purposes. In amongst this was nearly an open plan system that body snatchers and such ghouls could operate with little attention to laws. Through the years it seems to have been renamed and reinvented and never really made a standard. It closed in 2001. Somewhere in one of its many potters fields Capt. Charles McAnally M.O.H. of the 69th Pa. infantry one of its leading officers lies. How sad.
So may "if's". Perhaps if he had remained in the home at Hampton Va. he would have most certainly been given a burial with some dignity in the nearby National Cemetery with a marker on his grave. One also wonders if the family ever knew about his demise. I would imagine they never knew. Would the system have gone looking for relatives?. I think it improbable. They had a name of an Irish labourer born in Ireland. They appear to have waited two days possibly required by law which seems to be correct by the dates on his death certificate. The potters field awaited.
McAnally may well have been a troublesome and a difficult character to manage in the Hampton DVS but was there not some monitoring of the behaviour or movement of its inmates in and out of the home? On having his pension terminated in June 4th 1905 by perhaps some petty clerk in the system and seemingly becoming persona non grata at the Hampton DVS he was left to his own devices. What could Charles McAnally do?. Ever the master of his own destiny and with the character of spirit he decided to make his way to Wash. D.C. to at least try and have his pension reinstated or perhaps with an increase to enable him exist in a life outside the DVS system, a very difficult position to find himself in. To reclaiming his pension he had to make the long journey up to Wash. D.C. Probably a pitiful sight and also a very worried lonely old man.
I'm afraid on a personal note I find the behaviour of the DVS at best disappointing in his case though no doubt the organisation overall did great work for most men in their charge but any organisation is as good as its employees in positions of power. It must be remembered that the DVS Homes system was constrained by finances. They obviously could not provide one to one marking on each individual in the home. However one would have thought they would have had some sort of monitoring system in place where they kept track of men leaving from and returning to the home. Perhaps they could have dissuaded him or sent someone with him on his trips to Washington. Obviously not so.They failed Capt. Charles McAnally M.O.H. of the 69th Pa. Infantry. He gave the Union Army and America his all. The system ensured though not intentionally but through their naive incompetence and a series of horrible co-incidences that his award was a burial in a potters field somewhere in the numerous potters fields that seemed to litter that part of S.E. Washington.
I started off my research on McAnally and mentioned the word oblivion in 2004. Little did I realise that some 8 years later the word oblivion would come back to visit my research. The young man who left Glenviggan in the Sperrin hills on the Derry-Tyrone border would never again look across the countryside towards Broughderg, Davagh or far distant Slieve Gallon.
The image above left is of the Washington Asylum hospital circa 1908. The image above right is the Hampton Va. DVS home circa 1902.
Mrs Julia McAnally still listed as being resident at 609 E. 11th St. Austin in the census.
Sometime between the 1907-1908 census and 21st April 1910 she would appear to have left or more likely sold her boarding house and took up lodgings.
Jan 19th 1909 Charles McAnally's name was dropped off the pension list in Jan 19th 1909. (Secton 4719) pension agent John King. This form was basically created three years after contact had been lost with the pension claimant. We know that by this date no payment had been sent or given to McAnally since 4th June 1905. So even though his $10 pension had been restored he never received even the initial payment. How could he?. He had left the Hampton Va Home and looks like never left a forwarding address in Washington. There as well he was using a different spelling of his name.
April 21st. 1910.
Julia McAnally (the spelling of name varies as it still does in Ireland!) is noted in Austin Texas Travis Co. as living at 1004 Olive St. Dwelling No. 220 family 227. She is listed a being a lodger female, white, widow, no children, born Germany, parents born Germany. Immigrated 1871, primary language English, works as seamstress from home. OA (working on account).
Jan. 12th. 1920.
Austin Travis Co. Texas. 1300 Sabine St. Julia McAnally lodger white, female, widow, aged 77. Living with Augusta Klein a widow aged 61 and Augusta's son Otto a stonemason and one more lodger. We now see her as a lodger and again states she is a widow. This was not her sister Augusta. Julia did use the surname McAnally through the rest of her days, and is so recorded in the 1900, 1910, and 1920 census, and on her death record in Travis County. The census taker recorded the name as McNally in 1900 and 1910, McAnally in 1920. In the death record the name is recorded as McAnally.
The death certificate of Julia McAnally shows up a lot of interesting information relative to her and indeed her links to Charles McAnally.
Aug. 16th 1922.
Julia died at the City Hospital Austin Texas Aug 16th. 1922 aged 79. (See image to the left). She had been born in Germany Oct 2nd 1842. Both her parents were German. Her occupation at death noted as "retired".
Aug. 17th. 1922.
Julia was buried in the Oakwood Cemetery in Austin on the 17th Aug. 1922. The undertaker was a firm by the name of C. B. Cook Austin Texas. There is as now no grave marker. The Doctor who attend he prior to death was Dr. Z. T. Martin M. D. He had attended her on the 8th Aug. 1922 and again on the 16th August 1922. She died of numerous complications associated with old age. Her death certificate signed by Dr. Martin 19th August 1922. The person who informed of her death was H. H. Reissig ( her nephew Herman H. Reissig) son of Julia's brother Adolph and and his wife Kate Hofheintz Reissig. Julia McAnally is buried in Section 1 Lot 6 of the Oakwood Cemetery. Her name is missed out on the Website records for the cemetery. This information from the Reference Library, Austin History Center at the Austin Public Library. The image to the left is of Juliana (Julia) Louise Ressig Preaur Hofheintz McAnally. Photo taken Austin Texas 1896-97.
As to when Julia and Charles divorced or seperated is difficult to determine. It would be fair to assume that sometime after 1890 and I feel that it may well have been because of his behaviour that Julia was the one who instigated the proceedings if indeed it was a divorce but I tend to think it was a seperation. However this is a personal opinion. She would then earn her livlihood by running her B & B and later as a seamstress at several lodging houses in Austin. It is known that Charles's father Thomas died Oct. 13th 1891 aged 82 in Philadelphia. I feel that Thomas his father must have known to some degree what his son's exploits were in Texas. He couldn't but not. It is of interest to note that Charles parents grave was opened for inspection Oct. 26th 1893 two years after Charles father was buried there. Reason unknown.
Peter McAnally who was Charles brother was also a 69th. Pa. Vet. Peter and brother Edward lived at the time at 323 West Sheldon Ave. Germanstown Philadelphia. Note: Though McAnally would have been raised Catholic in Ireland he would have been expected by his folks back in Philadelphia and indeed in the Ireland of the time to marry in a Catholic ceremony. However in marrying Fannie Veach earlier in Burlescon Co in what would be a Protestant ceremony he appeared not to worry too much about this. Thus when he married Julia Reissig also of the Protestant faith he again did not seem to worry. The background to this aspect of their marriage is of some interest. There were at the time both Catholic German and Irish congregations in Austin. However both seemed to opt for a civil service signed off by Fritz Tegener. Was this compromise or was the marriage one of convenience to cover the legal aspect of property ownership or pension applications. We shall never really know.
If one looks at the image clicked from above which shows a 1902 era
photo of the old veterans at the Hampton Va. home for Disabled Volunteer
Soldiers they may see a likeness to
McAnally (the old bearded soldier on the right in the front row
standing with the aid of two sticks). Personally
I see similarities with that of the Charles McAnally on
the right hand side of the 1865
muster out photo. By 1905 when he left the home he had been living there some 9 years.
Charles McAnally as we know received the Congressional Medal of Honour the highest award and recognition that can be paid to any soldier, airman or navyman in the service of the United States. This is still the situation to this day. His name is recorded in many of the listings of award winners some of whom are household names. This was no mean achievement for a small farmers son from the high Sperrin hills of Co. Derry. An image of the medal he would have received is shown above left. Charles McAnally epitomised like Dennis O'Kane and many other soldiers from Co. Derry and Tyrone and all over Ireland the spirit of the Union Army and what the United States is about. I drive often through the Sperrin hills of Derry and Tyrone across the county's hills and valleys and through the towns and villages and until recently I knew little about the hundreds of brave young men who left there in poor times, in bad times, in dreadful times to seek better times but thought little of giving their lives to the nation that was now their homeland, the United States.
Some additional personal notes on the McAnallys:
In the original muster roll for D Co. of the 69th its states that Charles was aged 26. He was 5ft. 6ins. tall, he had a red complexion, blue eyes, dark hair, born in Derry Ireland, a clerk by trade. He was discharged by reason of his promotion to 2nd Lieut. Sept. 17th 1862. He would now be full officer rank. He would then go on to fight in numerous battles eventually mustering out of the Army at the end of the war in 1865.
Peter McAnally: Younger brother to Charles above:
Enlisted March 6th. 1863 aged 19. He was 5ft.4ins. tall, fair complexion, blue eyes, brown hair, from Derry Ireland. On Nov. 6th. 1863 he was mustered in by Captain Shurtz at Washington D.C. Peter would appear to have gone back to Philadelphia after the war. He died there 11th Dec.1917. He was buried in the New Cathedral Cemetery in Philadelphia in Lot M-115-2W. He would have been 73 years of age. The New Cathedral Cemetery is at 2nd. Street and Butler in Philadelphia. Here is his obituary notice.
McAnally. Peter Sgt. Co. D. 69th. PVI. McAnally, Dec. 11. Peter husband of the late Ellen McAnally. Relatives and friends Santa Maria Council No. 263, K. of C. Employees of Midvale Steel Works invited to Funeral Saturday 8:30 AM 326 E. Chelten Ave. Germantown. Solemn Requiem Mass, Saint Vincent de Paul's Church, 10 AM. Interment New Cathedral Cemetery. Auto Funeral.
Note: After his Civil War service Peter McAnally settled down married
Ellen ( nee McLaughlin) in 1878 and ended his working life as a Superintendant at the Midvale Steel Works. He worked there for some 40 years and was known as "Mr Mac" to the workers there.
This mill would
employ a lot if Irish workers..
Interestingly the K. of C. (the Knights of Columbus or as is known
in Ireland as Columbanus)
was basically an organisation that ensured that Irish emigrants
into such places
as Philadelphia got fair employment by firms in the city especially
there was Irish ownership and influence.
It is known from Peters obituary of 1917 that his wife had died some 21 years earlier ie circa 1896. A death notice on hand notes an Ellanor C McAnally Peter's wife died 30th Nov 1896 and was buried in the New Cathedral Cemetery 3rd Dec 1897 from 700 E Chilten Ave Germanstown. She was aged 44.
Peter McAnally's family was well documented in both the 1900 and 1910 census. Here is the detail.
Here is the 1900 census Philadelphia.
Peter McAnally born June 1845 aged 53 married 22 years, born Ireland,
father and mother both born Ireland.
Mary Agnes McAnally daughter born May 30th. 1879 21 single born Pa.
Nellie Marie McAnally daughter born Dec. 1880 aged 19 single born Pa.
Joseph F. McAnally son born March 19th. 1886 aged 14 single born Pa.
Regina E. McAnally daughter born May 4th. 1887 aged 13 single born Pa.
The baptismal certificates of the above children show the family living at Nicetown Philadelphia. Family linked to St Stephens Catholic Church Nicetown Philadelphia. There was a fifth child Edward who died young before the 1900 census. Buried in family plot.
Here is the 1910 census Philadelphia.
Peter McAnally born June 1845 aged 65 widowed, born Ireland,
father and mother both born Ireland.
Nellie Marie McAnally daughter born Dec. 1880 aged 29 single born Pa.
Joseph F. McAnally son born March 1886 aged 24 single born Pa.
Regina E. McAnally daughter born May 1887 aged 22 single born Pa.
Edward McAnally brother aged 76 Born Ireland.
In the 1910 census we find that Mary Agnes McAnally is no longer listed so we could assume she had left home perhaps to marry. However we find Edward the third brother listed as being aged 76 and living with the family. There is no refernece to any Charles McAnally being resident there on the day of the 1900 census.
Nellie McAnally head of household owns home free of mortgage, female, white, aged 38 single, born in Pa,
father born in Ireland mother in Pa. Has no occupation.
Joseph McAnally male, white, aged 34, single, born in Pa father born in Ireland mother in Pa.
These would appear to be the Nellie and Joseph of the 1910 census.
Not a lot known about this brother but it is thought he was the one who probably remained at home and ran the family businesses. It is I suppose possible that he enlisted in a different regiment for a period as there are certainly several Edward McAnallys named as having enlisted from Philadelphia. No proof at this stage.He died aged 80 circa 1914 and is buried in the family plot with brother Peter and other family members in the New Cathedral Cemetery. Plot Sec. M. Range 11. Lot 5 Grave 2W.
As Charles McAnally seemed to have found himself amongst Germans
in Austin and Prussians at that. One wonders just how they coped
with each other.
Strange bedfellows indeed. Fritz Tegener and his family
were in fact German born into Texas. Here are some notes on Fritz
from the 1860 Federal Census.
Fritz Tegener age 47 born in Prussia and father also born in Prussia and mother in Saxony. Occupation listed as farmer.
Augusta Tegener wife aged 39 born Mecklenburg Prussia. Keeping house. (This was Augusta Struck his 2nd wife.)
Gustav Tegener son aged 12.
Fritz Tegener son aged 10.
Therese Tegener daughter aged 8.
Hilmar Tegener son aged 5.
NOTE:Dutchy Ressig who was McAnally's brother in law was tailor to the notorious Ben Thompson. Thompson was born in Knottinghly Yorks. England and arrived in Austin aged about 10. He had a very colourfull life. From being a soldier in the Confederate army in the 2nd. Texas Regt. Cavalry to being involved in many gun battles and at the height of his fame being Governor of Austin in 1880 to his eventual murder in 1889 and burial on the Oakwood Cemetery Austin. I have put a link below to the the Knottingly History Society England which has a quite detailed account of Ben Thompson.s lifespan.
RECENT RESEARCH NOTES; Here are some recent research notes April 2012 on McAnally's relatives Veach and Meeks relatives in Texas. (Under construction and confirmation and will be added to and corrected).
BENJAMIN AMOS VEACH: This was Fannie Meek's 1st husband. In the "United States Civil War Soldiers Index" there is a Benjamin A. Veach listed. He was in fact a Private soldier in the Confederate Army in Co. A. of the 30th Texas Cavalry (Gurleys) Partisan Rangers. This regiment was formed up in the Waco area of Texas in the summer of 1862. It was disbanded in Austin Texas in May 1865. This information from NARA publication M227, NARA Roll 37, Film No. 880050.
Where was he from?. This is interesting as Texas and indeed the whole area in the south of North America was in a state of population flux as the settlers and the rail and trade routes spread west and south and lands also being confiscated from both the Indians and the Mexicans.
If one looks at the United States Census for 1850 some 10 years before the Civil War the following Veach family is found in Benton Co. (later in 1858 named Colhoun Co.) Alabama there is a Benjamin A Veach aged 14 with an estimated birth date of 1836 a member of family No. 236 in house No. 236. This information from NARA Publication No. M432 NARA Roll 1 Film No. 2343 Digital Folder 004187291, Image 00833. The following family listed which includes the above Benjamin aged 14.
Jepe Veach aged 49 and a shoemaker.
Susannah Veach F.aged 38.
Mary A Veach F. aged 18.
BENJAMIN A VEACH M. aged 14.
Sarah I Veach F. aged 13.
Nancy A Veach F. aged 11.
Margaret F Veach F. aged 9
Elizabeth C Veach F. aged 7.
Delila C Veach F. aged 6.
Martha L Veach F. aged 5.
Jacob I Veach M. aged 2.
As a matter of interest in the 1861 census there is another daughter Rebecca born about 1851.It would appear the family were there during the 1850 and 1860 census.
Now let us look at Benjamin Veach wife's family, the Meeks.
FANNIE VEACH nee MEEKS born circa 1840. Her proper name was actually SUSAN FRANCIS MEEKS. She was the daughter of Ignatius "Nacy" Meeks who had been born July 3rd. 1813 in Franklin Co. Ga. He died Jan. 29th 1873 in Lavaca Co. Tx. and is buried in the Halletsville Memorial Park cemetery Lavaca Co. Tx. Nacy had married firstly Susan Charlotte Gullett Sept. 9th. 1838 in Marshall Co.Tn. Nacy Meeks and Susan Gullett and had the following family.
SUSAN FRANCIS "FANNIE" MEEKS b. 1840.This is the lady who firstly married Benjamin A. Veach the date of Nov. 7th 1860 is noted from one source, who had been a Confederate soldier in Co. A. 30th Texas Cavalry and 2nd'ly married Capt Charles McAnally M.O.H. of the 69th. Pa. Infantry.
Nacy John Meeks b. 1842
James K. Polk Meeks b. 1845. Like his brother in law Benjamin he also served in the war being a soldier in Co. G of the same 30th Texas Cavalry unit. He survived the war and would have been a brother in law to Capt. McAnally.
William C. Meeks b. 1847. William was also a Confederate soldier serving in 3rd Regt. Texas Cavalry (South Kansas Texas Mounted Volunteers).
Martha Melissa Ann Meeks b. Sept. 5th in Marshall Co. Martha also married into the Confederacy when she married James Daniel Clare who had been a soldier in Smothers Co. 12th Texas Infantry. Martha and Daniel married Jan 19th. 1871 in Bastrop Co. Texas. Martha died Oct. 23rd. 1926 Lexington Lee Co. Tx. Both Martha and Daniel buried Lawthon Springs cemetery Blue Lee Co. Tx.
Charlotte Meeks b. 1852.
Joseph Martin Meeks b. 1852.
Jacob Meeks b. 1856.
NOTE: To date no trace has been found of either Benjamin Veach's grave or that of his wife Fannie Meeks Veach or of McAnally's daughter "O" McAnally. Perhaps you may have a clue? If so please feel free to contact the website. Thanks.
The above photo taken Feb 26th 1926 shows Congressman John Joseph Boylan a Congressman from New York pointing to what appears to be the Volunteers of America canteen on Pennsylvania Ave. Wash. D.C. He was drawing attention to the deplorable state of the buildings all around the Capitol. This was 1926 only about 20 years after Charles McAnallys time in the city. No doubt McAnally often walked along this street and knew its shops and hostels well as his lodging house and Homeward Bound Mission were along this street. The Volunteers of America are a charitable institution providing food for the less well off, old Civil war veterans included. They were basically in many cases soup kitchens. Note: The two addresses McAnally was linked to 337 and 119 Penn Ave N.W. are long gone but they were approx. at the junction of the modern Penn Ave N.W - Colombia Ave Junction on the "front" side of the Capitol.
With thanks to some fine folks in Travis, Lee and Burleson counties in Texas who helped me with so much information and in particular to Susan Sherrill Estes great grandniece of Julia Reissig McAnally who has inputted so much information to this webpage. Appreciated. Thanks to y'all.
Much information on Charles McAnally's marriages and life in Texas obtained and given me by Terry Carpenter. Many Thanks.
Information on Peter McAnally from Bill Meehan 69th Penn.Vol. Re-enact unit. Many Thanks.
The image of MOH scoll and MOH medal courtesy of HomeofHeroes Website. Thanks.
The image of "Treue Der Union" monument courtesy of BAT@wingedmammal.com.Thanks.
Thanks to the Knottingly Historical Society for Link to Ben Thompson section.
Thanks to Jay Reid for images of Capt. McAnally's 1862 sword and additional information on McAnally's life in America. Much appreciated.
Washington Times March 12th 1905.
Image of John Boylan in Penn Ave. 1926. Courtesy Library of Congress.
Information confirmed by reference to book "Bury me Deep" by Paul E. Sluby Sen.
University of Texas Library for 1900 era image of Hoftheintz-Reissig building.